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Rhythm of Container Transportation Research, November 2017

Container Tracking

Rhythm of Container Transportation Research, November 2017

1. Introduction is a digital platform which provides services to users in container transportation ecosystem in more than 170 countries. Container tracking and searching routes between all ports in world services are provided by the platform and the platform has been increasing the number of its users day by day. An increase in this naturally provides abundant data which allows researchers to share the data with the public.

Rhythm of the Container Transportation Research is shared with the public every month. The purposes of the study are;
- Revealing the website users’ carrier preferences
- Finding the most searched 10 routes
- Determining international trade volume in Cntracking and 
- Measuring transit times by taking Turkey ports as origin 
2.    Research Area
The research was conducted through the compilation of anonymous data of 11,344 different users’ actions within in November 2017. In November, users logged in to platform 21,482 times. While average session period was 2 minutes and 30 second for each user, Cntracking pages have viewed 48,467 times in one month from 176 countries around the world.
Table 1. Sample of Research: Cntracking platform users has visited users from 176 countries around the world. The platform has been used mostly by Turkish citizens (32.73% in November).  Indian users follows this  with 11.48%. USA, is the third country in the list (5.3%). While United Arab Emirates citizens takes the 4th place with 4.45%, Egypt has become 5th with 3.21%. The list continues with Spain and Germany (respectively 2.92% and 2.49%). Bangladesh (2.23%) and Pakistan (1.96%) which are both contiguous country of India has taken their place at the top 10 list. Lastly with 1.50% rate United Kingdom citizens are the 10th in November.
On the other hand, the rate of Turkey, USA, UAE, Egypt, Spain, Germany and UK has increased compared to previous months while the number of users in India, Pakistan and Bangladesh has declined.
Table 2: Distribution of Cntracking platform users by country in November & October.
3. Key Findings of the Study
Key findings of the study are covered in four main sections;
3.1. The Carrier Preferences of Website Users
The container tracking module, which is one of the online services of Cntracking, has ability to record carrier for each tracked container and shows the most preferred shipping line for container based maritime trade. According to the users’ container tracking demand in November 2017, the most favorite shipping lines and their preferences are given in Table 3. The table also gives a comparison of the rate with the previous month. 
The most preferred shipping line in November was Mediterranean Shipping Company(MSC). MSC and Maersk Line always have very close preferences each month and one of them takes the first place with very slight differences every month. For instance, in October, Maersk Line became the most preferred shipping line with only 0.18% difference from MSC and in November this time MSC was the most preferred shipping line with a slight difference of takes 0.07%.

On the other hand, while there was general decrease in rates of shipping lines according to previous month, Hapag Llyod was the only shipping line that increased its rate by 0.83%. Cosco was another shipping line which increased its rate quite slowly (0.01%). Even Cosco didn’t show great increase, still it can count as a success, as its rate did not fall while most popular ones’ rates did.
Table 3. The Carrier Preferences of Website Users: October & November 2017
3.2. Most Searched Routes
In November 11,344 users from 176 countries around the world made searches for shipping trade routes. The most searched Turkey-based shipping routes are given in Table 4. Istanbul(Ambarlı)-Jebel Ali(UAE) was at the top of the list. Ambarlı Port was the most searched one. Mersin port followed Ambarlı Port. Another port which enters the list was Gebze Port. Although Turkey has many more container ports, they were not able to enter the list. 
Destination of the Turkey-based routes usually were Middle East, Asia and Africa. These routes show the direction of Turkey’s foreign trade. 
According to November 2017 trade statistics of Turkish Statistics Institute(TUIK), European countries such as Germany and UK were also important country in terms of foreign trade. However, there were few searches for Turkey-based European shipping route in the platform. One of the reasons of this might be that because big portion of Turkey-Europe trade is carried out through road rather than sea.
Table 4. Top 10 Route Between Turkey and Other Countries Port in November 2017

Service Finder Module is one of the Cntracking online solutions that gives the user information about shipping trade routes, transit times of each route, shipping lines that provide services for each route etc. Thanks to the module, the users can collect the required information and plan their shipments accordingly. The list of top 10 global shipping trade routes that were most searched by Cntracking users in November is given in Table 5. The Users especially wanted to be informed about Middle East, African and Asian routes in November. Jebel Ali(UAE)-Beirut(Lebanon) was the most demanded routes of the month. Mundra(India)-Johannesburg (The Republic of South Africa) were the second with the same rate: 0.11%. Whereas Jebel Ali(UAE)-Casablanca (Morocco) follows them with 0.09% search rate, Alexandria(Egypt)-Casablanca (Morocco), Alexandria (Egypt)-Genoa (Italy) and Jebel Ali(UAE)-Alexandria (Egypt) were the 3rd with the same rate: 0.07%.


The list continues with Hamburg(Germany)-Jebel Ali(UAE) (0.06%) and Alexandria(Egypt)-Limassol(Cyprus) (0.05%). Lastly, the 10th most searched shipping trade route in November was Alexandria(Egypt)-Aqaba-Lagos(Nigeria) with 0.04%.


Table 5. Top 10 Globally Searched Routes in November 2017 



3.3  Determining International Trade Volume in Cntracking


Cntracking users can track their import and export container online. The total volume of container which has been tracked during every month for each route gives the trade volume of the route as well. In this respect, top 5 container routes the most tracked in November 2017 is given in Table 6. The China-Iran route is the most tracked one with 7.2%. 

Turkey-UAE and Turkey-UK takes the 2nd and 3rd rates, and China-USA and China-Turkey routes takes the 4th and 5th places respectively. It is also seen in Table 6 that China dominates the global trade. 


Table 6. Top 5 Busiest Routes in November 2017




The countries which most trade with each other also can be found by container tracking data.  Table 7 shows the 5 countries which import-export container tracking has been made most. The countries with which Turkey trade most are UAE, UK, Saudi Arabia, Spain and Israel.

The containers tracked from Turkish ports comprise 36.6% of the whole trade data collected. Similarly, 22.5% of containers are loaded in China and goes to Iran, USA, Turkey, Mexico and Bangladesh. 6% of containers are shipped from India to UAE, Saudi Arabia, USA, Madagascar and Turkey in November. Russia’s (4.8%) trade on the other hand was basically with India, China, Egypt, Israel and Pakistan. Lastly, 4.4% of the containers shipped in USA to Georgia, Australia, Ghana, India, Nigeria discharged containers. 


Table 7. Trading Volume Ratios According to Cntracking Container Tracking Data from the

Point of Exporting 


Table 8 shows the Cntracking port-to-port container tracking data and it is seen that 31.95% of the containers that were tracked are shipped to Iran, UAE, USA, Turkey and UK. The containers which were discharged in Iran comprises 7.7% of all container trackings. These 7.7% containers are shipped to Iran from China, Australia, Ukraine and Myanmar. The United Arab Emirates second country to which containers are shipped in November. 6.51% of the total tracked containers were discharged at UAE. Respectively Turkey, India, USA and Canada-loaded containers are destinated to the UAE ports in November. 


USA follows UAE in the list. USA discharged containers are 6.2% of the total tracking of the platform. Apparently, with 3% of the containers tracked are shipped from China to USA and 5.9% of them are shipped to Turkey. Turkey import mostly from China, UK, Brazil, and Taiwan respectively. Lastly, the United Kingdom takes the 5th of the list by generating 5.6% of total tracking. The containers are destinated to UK are mostly shipped from Turkey, Australia, Taiwan and UAE.


Table 8. Trading Volume Ratios According to Cntracking Container Tracking Data From 
Point of Importing

3.4 Transit Times OF Routes by Taking Turkey Ports as Departure: November 2017


Ex-Turkey based maximum/minimum transit times and fluctuations of shipping trade routes is given in Table 9. Cntracking has been recording maximum and minimum transit time for each shipping trade route so that transit time volatility can be determined for each route. In November Aliağa(Izmir)-Ashdod(Israel) shipping route was most inconsistent route with its 26 days. Istanbul(Ambarlı)-Doha(Qatar) and Gemlik-Jebel Ali(UAE) shipping route followed it with 22 days and 15 days difference respectively. 

On the other hand, the following shipping routes have no changes in their transit times; Gemlik-Alexandria(Egypt), Mersin-Beirut(Lebanon), Izmir-Ashdod(Israel), İzmir-Jebel Ali(BAE), İzmit-Doha(Qatar), Izmit-Alexandria(Egypt). 
The fluctuations in the other shipping routes can be examined in Table 9.


Table 9. Routes’ Transit Times by Taking Turkey Ports as Origin: November 2017

                              * This table is based on the most searched routes originating from Turkey.


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